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 1. What is RESCAP?


RESCAP stands for Rural Extension Capacity Advancement Project -through PaViDIA Approach-.

The Project aims at improving livelihood of rural villagers by strengthening rural extension services provided by MACO (Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives).

The Project applies "PaViDIA Approach", which is one of the effective extension approaches.


RESCAP sees village children as its ultimate target group, because RESCAP seeks sustainable development, which should be benefitting villagers not only in present but also in future.  Development is neither an event nor a charity from outsiders. RESCAP believes development is be a long-run positive change through efforts of people in present.  


 2. Backgrounds



In the 1990’s, Zambia implemented a structural adjustment program to revive its economy, which was characterized by copper monoculture. However, the economic reforms did not produce the results in terms of expected employment creation and economic growth. Moreover, several social indicators show that the quality of livelihoods and access to pubic services has worsened, and that poverty has become more severe. According to poverty indicators, people living below the poverty line account for about 70% of the total population, and about 70% of these people reside in rural areas. Small-scale farmers, who account for 90% of the total agricultural population, are suffering from poverty the most.

     The Zambian government has given top priority to poverty alleviation, and has since formulated a National Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) as well as Sector Investment Programs for major sectors including agriculture. In the agricultural sector, the Zambian government emphasized support for small-scale farmers who cannot utilize opportunities created by liberalization. .

In this context, the Project for Participatory Village Development in Isolated Areas (PaViDIA) has been implemented. since  February 25, 2002. The Project has been jointly implemented by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. The Project had two Phases. Phase I ran from June 2002 to May 2007, then Phase II from June 2005 to May 2009.

PaViDIA Project established a practical model of village development within the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. while the project has fostered core staff and secured basic funds such as KR2, WFP, etc. the extension system has been strengthened where the PaViDIA project has been implemented.  The established model is implemented within MACO extension system comprising MACO-HQ, Provincial and District offices. Although MACO has demonstrated willingness to scale up the PaViDIA approach into other areas, the Ministry extension system as a whole still lacks the necessary capacity so it needs to be strengthened.  In addition, a lesson has been drawn that the PaViDIA Approach itself needs to be improved in terms of agricultural techniques and marketing of agricultural products, in order to secure sustainability and positive impacts of Micro Projects.  Thus, for PaViDIA to be implemented by MACO in Zambia, its extension system linking from MACO-HQ to village community members needs to be strengthened while the PaViDIA Approach needs to be improved.


 3. Project Profile


Project title

RESCAP (Rural Extension Services Capacity Advancement Project - through PaViDIA Approach)



Technical cooperation between MACO and JICA

(MACO: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative, JICA: Japan International Cooperation Agency)


5 years (December 2009 – December 2014)


Overall Goal

Farmers’ quality of life in target areas is improved


Project Purpose 

Rural extension services provided by MACO are improved by using PaViDIA Approach (as an entry point) in target areas.  

Alignment with ZCC and SNDP

Pillar 4 (Improving Agricultural Research, Technology Dissemination and Adoption) *

Mode of operation

PaViDIA Operation Room: Integrated into MACO HQ, provincial and district administrative structure


Target groups

MACO staff and small scale farmers in the isolated areas in Northern Province (Primary target) and Western Province


(Main Activities)

1.       Appropriate farming techniques are identified and disseminated through extension

2.       Practical abilities of agricultural extension officers are improved

3.       Monitoring and backstopping capacity of camp/block, district and provincial level are strengthened

4.       MACO’s management capacity on extension service is improved





1.  Human resources

(1) Assign full time as well as part time staff at MACO HQ, targeted provinces and districts to implement and manage the project

(2) Assign JCC and MC members to steer and monitor the project


2.  Project resources

Office space and facilities at MACO HQ and targeted provinces for project implementation


3.  Others

Cost-sharing as mutually agreed (to cover local costs)





1.       Human resources

(1) Six long-term counterparts

- Chief Advisor/Organizational Management

- Monitoring / participatory Farmers’ Activities Promotion

- Agricultural Extension

- Appropriate Technology

- Coordinator/Training Management

- Project Management in Western Province

(2) Short-term counterparts

Short-term experts will be dispatched when necessary

2.       Tooling/re-tooling

(1) Vehicle(s) and Motorbike(s)

(2) Office equipment

(3) Equipment necessary to implement project activities

3.       Others

(1) Zambian counterparts’ training in Japan

and/or in third countries

(2) Cost-sharing as mutually agreed


Projected budget: approx. 1.51mil. USD

*Note: RESCAP has a strong focus on capacity development of extension service, a vital component of technology dissemination and adoption.


 4. Main Activities and Indicators

 Tentative Logical Framework (Project Design Matrix: PDM)

Project TitleRural Extension Service Capacity Advancement Project – Through PaViDIA Approach–  (RESCAP)

Project Period 5 years (December 2009 – December 2014)       Target Area: Isolated areas in Northern Province (Primary target) and Western Province

Target Group MACO staff and Rural farmers in target area                                              Version1.1  Date: 9th November 2009


Narrative Summary

Objectively Verifiable Indicators

Means of Verification

Important Assumption


Overall Goal

Farmers’ quality of life is improved in target areas.





-Rate* of increasing of Farmers’ income in target areas

-Number* of a species of crops in target areas

- Number* of a species of livestocks in target areas 

*To be determined within 6 months after commencement of the Project

Village Baseline Survey

Project Evaluation (impact assessment ) Study

CSO Report

MACO Annual report

Project reports & Documents

There is no serious change of natural, social and economic environments of farming such as famine, etc.


Project Purpose

Rural extension services provided by MACO are improved by using PaViDIA Approach (as an entry point) in target areas.

Text Box:    2

By end of the Project (December, 2014)

-Number* of villages visited and advice delivered by MACO extension officers in target areas

*To be determined within 6 months after commencement of the Project 

-Farmers’ satisfaction for extension services in target areas

Capacity Assessment Report by the Project

Project Evaluation (impact assessment ) Study

MACO Annual report

Project reports & Documents

Government’s agricultural and rural development functions effectively. 

Farm gate prices of agricultural products are favorable for farmers, and rural infrastructure (such as road network and market facilities) is improved.



1.      Appropriate techniques for farmers are identified.

2.      Practical abilities for agricultural extension of Extension officers are improved.

3.      Monitoring and backstopping capacity of Camp/Block, District and provincial level is strengthened.

4.      Management capacity of MACO’s extension service is improved.

1. Number of identified techniques promoted by the Project

2. Assessment of knowledge level of extension officers

3. Regular & accurate Monitoring report submission, and necessary feedback in each level (e.g., frequency, timing & quality of monitoring and backstopping activities undertaken, frequency and contends of revision of monitoring plan)

4. Frequency of meetings held  /  Existence of annual & budget plans by each years   /  No. of public relation activities/products by the POR

Needs Assessment Survey

MACO/PACO/DACO Annual & Quarterly reports

Field inspection

POR meeting record

Project reports & Documents

Various kinds of products through the Project

Capacity Assessment Report

Willingness of farmers and capable to learn new techniques.


MACO receives adequate funding and fills vacant positions with qualified and dedicated staff.





1-1. Conduct needs assessment for farmers and collect necessary information (such as existing available farmers’ techniques and practices) in target areas

1-2. Analyze and summarize farmers’ techniques based on the needs assessment

1-3. Provide techniques & information with various means of extension services in target villages (such as Micro Project, FFS, lead farmers)


2-1. Conduct training needs assessment of extension officers

2-2. Make a plan for extension officers’ training

Text Box:    3
including preparation of teaching materials (such as TOT manual)

2-3. Prepare field guides (Handbook for extension officers, Brochure/Handout for farmers)

2-4. Implement training for district & camp extension officers

2-5. Monitor extension officers’ field activities, linked to Activity 3-3 and 3-4


3-1. Confirm staff TOR at operational level (Camp/Block, district and province) in line with extension activities, linked to Activity 4-2

3-2. Review the existing Monitoring system, identify and analyze problems relating to “Monitoring”

3-3. Implement redesigned “Monitoring plan”

3-4. Monitor and improve the plan

(In Activity 3 as the above, existing and expected MP villages will also be targeted.)


4-1. Set up Inter-department & other stakeholders’ coordination and hold regular meeting among them

4-2. Set up and strengthen Project Operation Room (POR) and define mandate of MACO HQ, target Provinces & Districts

4-3.Make annual work plans and formulate budget plan for the Project activities

4-4. Support trainings for extension offices (e.g., assign trainers, assist to make teaching materials), linked to Activity 2-2 & 2-3

4-5. Supervise overall project activities


Japanese side

1.      Human Inputs

(1) Long-term experts

-Chief Advisor/Organizational Management

-Monitoring / participatory Farmers’ Activities Promotion

-Agricultural Extension

-Appropriate Technology

-Coordinator/Training Management

-Project Management in Western Province


(2) Short-term experts

Short-term experts will be dispatched when necessary.


2.      Machinery and Equipment

(1) Vehicle(s) &Motorbike(s)

(2) Office equipment

(3) Other necessary equipment to support Project activities


3.      Others

(1) Counterparts training in Japan

and/or in third countries

(2) Share the cost with Zambian side to implement the Project on issues to be mutually agreed








Zambian side

1.      Human Inputs

(1) Fully involved counterparts assigned at MACO HQ and targeted Provinces

(2) Assignment of JCC and MC members from MACO


2.      Material Inputs

Office space and facilities at MACO HQ and targeted Provinces


3.      Others

Budgetary allocation for local costs

Trained officers at each level continue to work in the target areas and for the Project.


There exists sufficient interest and motivation among lead farmers and/or farmers’ group in target areas.


















4-6. Report project progress for JCC and for Management committee (MC) initiated by POR

Text Box:    4
4-7. Conduct Public relation activities (Dissemination of Project activities, Proposal for fund mobilization)

4-8. Develop performance indicator of management capacity

4-9. Self assessment and review overall performance on institutional capacity


CEO/BEO are assigned and in services in target areas.


Fund for Micro Project is secured.





 5.  Office Map / Contact


 Office Map
 PaViDIA Operation Room


PaViDIA Operation Room (POR) locates at 3rd Floor in MACO building.。              


PaViDIA Project Office Annex (in Cooperative College)

>Detailed Map

Please contact us by e-mail:


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